Open Education, Open Educational Resources and MOOCs
Prof. Tian BELAWATI, Ph.D.
Rector of Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia and President of the International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE)
Global movement on openness has changed the way educational institutions think about their missions and practices. MIT was the first university to open that all of its course materials as OpenCourseWare. This move inspired UNESCO to introduce the term Open Educational Resources (OER) at the Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries in 2002. The OER movement evolved into a more concrete form by not only distributing materials for free, but also by offering online lectures openly and massively. In the past six years, world’s leading universities such as Harvard, MIT, Stanford, and Yale had began to offer MOOCs. By 2012, so many universities offering MOOCs that The New York Times refer to 2012 as The Year of MOOCs. The remaining question is whether MOOCs can really increase access of the people to quality education? The presentation will look into the philosophy and the state of the practice of MOOCs with regard to that question.
About the Speaker
Professor Tian Belawati has served lifetime professional contributions to open and distance learning (ODL). She has had extensive experiences in research, teaching, and administration of a large scale open university system, which serves over 500,000 students residing in Indonesia and overseas. Her work experience include various positions within an ODL institution that serves diverse groups of students with differing needs and circumstances. She is currently Rector of Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia. She has taken decisive actions to mobilize effort in partnerships with stakeholders to improve the quality of ODL, develop greater public confidence in ODL, and establish collaborative effort with international as well as regional ODL institutions and associations. She is extensively involved in various joint initiatives with other ODL players and organizations in her capacity as both ODL researcher and top administrator.
Her professional achievements have led her appointments as Secretary General (2007-2009) and then President (2009-2010) of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU), as well as a member of the Election Committee (2007-2009), Executive Committee (2009-2011), and President (2012-now) of the International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE). Professor Belawati holds a Doctor of Philosophy in Adult Education (University of British Columbia, Canada, and a Master of Education in Management of Distance Education (Simon Fraser University, Canada.). Her academic reputation in ODL has been recognized through various awards, namely GTP-Bappenas Awards for independent research; World Bank Awards, the Young Academic Program of Indonesian, the Directorate General for Higher Education (YAP-DGHE) for independent research;YAP-DGHE Awards for international publication; IDRC-PanAsia Organization Award for both independent and collaborative research; Fullbright Award for senior independent research; and the AAOU Meritorious Service Award.